Anatomy of a Diamond
To get an adequate knowledge about a diamond, it is necessary to understand the basic terminology of its structure. The facets, known as the crown, culet, table, girdle and pavilion, are set with precise, mathematical magnitude to maximize a diamond's fire, life and brilliance.
The table is the flat facet of a diamond and is octagonal in shape. It can also be referred as the largest facet on a cut diamond
The crown refers to the top part of the diamond extending upwards from the girdle to the table.
The widest edge of the diamond where the crown ends and meets the pavilion is called girdle.
The pavilion is that portion of a diamond that that begins at the girdle and tapers downwards to meet the culet. It is the bottom part of the diamond.
Culet is the flat tiny facet at the bottom or tip of the diamond. It is the diamond's smallest facet.
Depth of a diamond is referred to the total length of a diamond, which is measured from the tip of the culet to the table.
It refers to the width of a polished diamond from one side of the girdle to another.