Gemstones Knowledge Center

Since time immemorial, gemstones have been fancied by one and all, not just for their striking color but also for their aesthetic value and significance. A gemstone or gem is a stunning piece of mineral, which is cut and polished finely to be used in jewelry or other adornments. These stones are found virtually in every possible color imaginable to humans. Gemstones inculcate fine jewelry with a natural radiance. From wedding and engagement rings, earrings, to bracelets and pendants gemstone lends an alluring visual effect to every piece of jewelry and complements all precious metals pleasingly well. They are a suitable alternative to diamonds, as they too serve as a remarkable symbol to mark special occasions. Certain gemstones are explicitly acknowledged as birthstones for every month of the year and to commemorate particular wedding anniversaries, thus have become perfect jewelry presents for the respective events.

There are however some crucial characteristics that are considered when assessing a precious gemstone:

  • gemstone attribute:

    Gemstone Clarity

    Every gemstone has a certain amount of inclusions in form of clouds, minerals wisps, and un-crystallized carbon. The less number of inclusions within the gemstone relatively marks to higher quality and value of the stone.

    Every gemstone has a certain amount of inclusions in form of clouds, minerals wisps, and un-crystallized carbon. The less number of inclusions within the gemstone relatively marks to higher quality and value of the stone.

    Type Meaning
    Type I Gemstones with very little or no inclusions.
    Type II Gemstones with few inclusions.
    Type III Gemstones with most inclusions.

    Gemstone Cut

    Perhaps one of the most important attribute while buying a gemstone is its cut and different cutting styles suit different gems. A superior cut enhances the brilliance of the stone and also its ability to reflect light evenly. Gemstones are usually cut to augment the quintessence of the stone or to fit adequately in a particular setting. A stone’s cut is usually measured on a five-tier rating scale that ranges from excellent, very good, good, fair, and poor.

    Gemstone Color

    Gemstone is defined mostly by its color or what is also known as its tone and hue. Color of a gemstone particularly is that attribute which decides the value or the worth of the gemstone. Certain gemstones are globally preferred and enjoy popularity in crafting fine jewelry. Though some gemstones come in a variety of colors, others come only in one or two colors at the most. The most admired gemstones color are however Red, Blue, and Green.

    Red is one of the most fashionable gemstone color and as very few minerals display this color, it is valuable and expensive. Ruby is perhaps the most sought after red gemstone around the globe. Blue gemstones are also popular and at the same time can be very pricey. Some popular blue gemstones are Sapphires, Blue Topaz, and Tanzanite. In the green gemstone category Emeralds most likely are popular and expensive. Emeralds have a deep rich green tone that no other gemstone in the world has. While shopping for gemstones, one should initially understand how the color is rated and if the color would inversely affect the price or value of the stone.

    Gemstone Carat

    Usually precious stones are measured in Millimeter (mm) but at times very small size gemstones that are used as chips in a jewelry piece are measured by their total carat weight (TCW). So instead of giving the measurement of each individual small stone, it is given as total weight of all the chips together. It should also be noted that a gemstone is much larger in carat weight before it is cut. This is due to the fact that a lot of unwanted material (like inclusions or blemishes) are eliminated to get a much higher quality striking stone.

  • Fascinating Diamonds gemstone jewelry:

    At Fascinating Diamonds we aspire to present our customer’s with one of a kind jewelry. We take immense pride in showcasing our colossal gemstone engagement rings collection, where each jewelry piece is crafted with intricate design of utmost perfection. We have incorporated gemstones as side stones in bridal set rings, earrings, and pendants, as they augment the look of the center stone immaculately well. Our Gemstone jewelry is highlighted with most popular and widely-admired stones like orange, pink, and blue sapphire, ruby, and emerald./p>

    Blue Sapphire:


    One of the most sought-after stone on the planet, the Legendary Sapphire, has created much enigma for itself than any other gemstone till date. The charismatic gemstone has derived its name from the Latin word “Sapphirus”, Greek word “Sappheiros”, and Sanskrit word “Sanipryam” which means “The Blue Stone”. Since time immemorial Sapphire is also regarded as one of the hardest precious gemstone, as it is rated 9 on the Moh’s scale of mineral hardness and stands just second to Diamonds and which says all for its preciousness. It is possibly one of the most valued stone around the globe, for its sheer beauty, appeal, and durability. This enchanting gemstone is the birthstone of the September born and hence holds innumerable beneficial factors for them. This magnetic rock gives promising results for people, who are born under the zodiac signs Virgo, Capricorn, Aries, and Libra. From the age old times Sapphire is considered to be the symbol of cosmos, a sentinel of innocence, bestowal of genuineness, aficionado of good health, and guardian of virtue. This Blue birthstone is far believed to bring gifts of joy, inner peace, and also holds an incredibly powerful trans-formative energy that works promptly and drastically. Identified to be the royal stone of wisdom and learning, its pure blue rays bring rational acuity and fuller understanding of self. The ever mounting popularity of this royal stone has fascinated famous personalities like Kate Middleton, Penelope Cruz, Elizabeth Hurley, and Victoria Beckham who find the iconic bauble of this regal stone in fashion and have been seen wearing blue sapphire rings, earrings and neck pieces bring it under the spot light.

    Pink Sapphire:

    Pink Sapphire

    Feminine aura and subtle yet vibrant pinkish hues of Pink Sapphire without a doubt most appeals to ladies of all age and generation. But this rich pink gemstone has a magnetism of its own that attracts people and blinds mind, body and soul. The legendary Sapphire though most know worldwide as a blue stone and also taking in the fact that it’s very name “Sapphire” is derived from the Latin word “Sapphirus” which literally means “blue stone”, this stone exists in variation of colors like rich hues of pink, orange, purple, green, and even yellow. This magnetic rock gives promising results for people, who are born under the zodiac signs Virgo, Capricorn, Aries, and Libra. From the age old times Sapphire is considered to be the symbol of cosmos, a sentinel of innocence, bestowal of genuineness, aficionado of good health, and guardian of virtue. The contrasting shades of the gemstones actually affect an individual’s life in certain unbelievable ways. The everlasting sparkle of pink sapphire is emitted naturally due to its richness and royalty and thus it is believed to clarity to mind and also self-mastery. It also helps also helps the emotional body through the different phases of life, stimulating the emotions of love. These fine traits of this prosperous and majestic gemstone make it a brilliant choice when incorporated in the crafting of jewelry. Well admired by celebrities like Nicole Richie, Reese Witherspoon, Amber Heard, and Christina Ricci a pink sapphire engagement ring is classy as they showcase an accent of crisp fashion and decisive style statement.

    Orange Sapphire:

    Orange Sapphire

    Eye catching, vibrant and immensely alluring, Orange Sapphire Like other sapphires, imbibes many mystical and enigmatic powers and is said to bring out joy, pleasure, and family togetherness. The orange sapphire also known as the Padparadscha Sapphire and owes its color to the additional trace elements of chromium and iron in its formation ranging in hues from pale orange to a vivid reddish-orange, or a deep orange with brownish overtones. Dazzling and vivacious color of the sun an orange sapphire brings warmth and physical comfort. This color has recently gained popularity for its rarity and exquisiteness. These alluring gemstones are recommended for people hailing from creative people like artists, writers, singers. This mesmerizing stone is a beacon for encouraging wise and honest leadership qualities among individuals and also advisable for businesswomen and female entrepreneurs who wish to succeed without compromising or messing their self respect and dignity. Engagement rings, earrings and neck pieces and other such ornaments in this burnt hue are usually fancied by those who want something distinctive or extraordinary. It’s extra ordinary appeal has not stayed out of the limelight and are not only well accepted in the modern era as trend setters but is also treasured by famous celebrities like Sofia Vergara, Amy Adams, and Amy Poehler.



    Ruby draws its name from the Latin word “ruber” meaning red. This is one of the most precious and rare stone mined today and is admired simply for its sheer beauty, elegance, luster, and vivaciousness. It is obtainable in assorted hues of fiery red, burgundy, to pastel pink. The intensity of color in the stone is what defines its worth in the market, the more dark and blazing the color, more costly is the stone. Also, the cut, clarity, and carat weight need to be considered while evaluating this beautiful stone’s value. Ruby is perhaps one of the hardest precious gemstone just after diamond, as it rates to 9 on the Moh’s scale, which makes it an enduring stone for generations. Ruby is the birthstone of the people of July born and is recommend as a perfect gift to mark 40th wedding anniversary. We craft our fine jewelry with premium quality ruby and have a striking collection of Diamond engagement rings highlighted with striking rubies on either side. We also, present artistic pendants with rubies that are crafted in premium quality metal and are sure style statement pieces.



    Emerald draws its name from the ancient Greek word “smaradgus” meaning green stone. The rich luster and striking green color of emerald makes it stand out among the rest and a popular choice for adorning fine jewelry and engagement rings. It is obtainable in assorted spectrum of colors ranging from pastel green, rich bluish tone, to fiery green. The color, clarity, cut, and carat weight are the four basic attributes that define an emerald and make it one of the most beautiful and rare stones around the globe. Emeralds are by far stones with stunning brilliance and fire, and that is one of the reasons for their popularity. Emerald is the birthstone of May born and is recommend as a perfect gift to mark 20th, 35th, and 55th wedding anniversaries. At Fascinating Diamonds we present you with a wide array of alluring pendants and diamond engagement rings highlighted with emerald stones on the sides.

    Imperial Topaz

    Imperial Topaz

    The coruscating Imperial topaz is orange in color with faint red or pinkish dichroic variations. It particularly has an enthusiastic vibration because of its bright shade. We here at Fascinating Diamonds have with much effort added this majestic gemstone to our sparkling gemstone collection to craft unbelievably stunning jewelry which can be further customized according to the customers’ preference along with scintillating diamonds and precious metals.

    Violac Topaz

    Violac Topaz

    This one of a kind attractive Topaz is a definite eye catcher for all the gemstone lovers out there, as its peculiar bluish-violet hue when combined with any metal or diamond comes out as a breathtaking jewelry piece and effortlessly complements every ensemble. Violac Topaz is considerably the latest hot color trending the jewelry market this season and we take immense pleasure to include this favorite semi-precious stone to our extensive collection.

    Ice Blue Topaz

    Ice Blue Topaz

    The Ice Blue Topaz is found in warm and delicate blue shades, thus is quite calming and relaxing to the eyes. It is mostly favored by various renowned Jewelry designers for its vivid appearance and color. Fascinating Diamonds have now initiated to bring in this beautiful gemstone along with Imperial Topaz and Violac Topaz for craftsmanship of gorgeous ornaments which will doubtlessly boost up the current scenario of the jewelry industry.

  • different types of gemstones from a-z

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • Z

    Gemstones : Agate, Alexandrite, Almandine, Amazonite, Amethyst, Ametrine, Andesine, Andradite, Aquamarine, Aventurine

    Gemstones : Beryl, Bloodstone

    Gemstones : Carnelian, Cat’s Eye, Chalcedony, Chrysoberyl, Chrysocolla, Chrysoprase, Citrine, Copper

    Gemstones : Danburite, Diamond, Diaspore, Diopside

    Gemstones : Emerald

    Gemstones : Fluorite

    Gemstones : Garnet, Golden Beryl, Goshenite, Grossular

    Gemstones : Hiddenite

    Gemstones : Idocrase, Iolite, Ivory

    Gemstones : Jade, Jasper

    Gemstones : Kunzite

    Gemstones : Labradorite, Lapis Lazuli, Larimar

    Gemstones : Malachite, Moonstone, Morganite

    Gemstones : Nephrite

    Gemstones : Onyx, Opal, Orthoclase

    Gemstones : Pearl, Peridot, Prehnite, Pyrite, Pyrope

    Gemstones : Quartz

    Gemstones : Rhodochrosite, Rhodolite, Rhodonite, Rose Quartz, Ruby, Rutilated Quartz

    Gemstones : Sapphire, Scapolite, Smoky Quartz, Sodalite, Spessartite, Spinel, Spodumene, Sunstone

    Gemstones : Tanzanite, Thulite, Tiger’s Eye, Topaz, Tourmaline, Tsavorite, Turquoise

    Gemstones : Uvarovite

    Gemstones : Variscite

    Gemstones : Zircon, Zoisite

  • your birthstones

    • garnet sample
      Month : January
      Gemstone : Graceful Garnet
      Signifies : Eternal friendship and trust, this stone when set in jewelry, makes a perfect gift for a friend.
      Colors : Is available in a spectrum of rainbow colors, from deep red to vibrant green.
      amethyst sample
      Month : February
      Gemstone : Alluring Amethyst
      Signifies : Humility and wisdom, and is adorned as pendant for meditation and peaceful mind.
      Colors : Is available in a fusion of violet and red.
      aquamarine sample
      Month : March
      Gemstone : Astounding Aquamarine
      Signifies : Levelheadedness and calm, and is adorned as pendant for safe voyage and soothing nerves.
      Colors : Is available in colors ranging from greenish-blue to blue-green.
      diamond sample
      Month : April
      Gemstone : Dazzling Diamond
      Signifies : Beauty and strength, this stone when set in wedding or engagement rings, makes a perfect gift for your beloved, as it is a symbol of love and promise.
      Colors : Is available in a stunning transparent or translucent color.
      exquisite emerald sample
      Month : May
      Gemstone : Exquisite Emerald
      Signifies : Good fortune and foresightedness, this stone when set in earring or rings, is just the right gift for your family and friends.
      Colors : Is available in colors ranging pastel green, rich bluish tone, to fiery green.
      pearl sample
      Month : June
      Gemstone : Prized Pearl
      Signifies : Purity and innocence, this stone when set in jewelry makes for an ideal bridal jewelry.
      Colors : Is available typically in a pure white, but pearls are also found in pink, silver-cream, brown, blue, black color.
    • radiant ruby sample
      Month : July
      Gemstone : Radiant Ruby
      Signifies : Love and wealth, this stone when set in jewelry, is just the right gift for your loved one.
      Colors : Is available in colors ranging fiery red, burgundy, to pastel pink.
      peridot sample
      Month : August
      Gemstone : Precious Peridot
      Signifies : Power and Influence, this stone when set in a pendant or necklace gives soothing and healing effects.
      Colors : Is available in colors ranging bottle green, yellowish green, to olive green.
      blue sapphire sample
      Month : September
      Gemstone : Sparkling Sapphire
      Signifies : Destiny and Fortune, this stone when set in a ring provides luck and wealth.
      Colors : Is available in colors like blue, purple, pink, orange, and yellow.
      opal sample
      Month : October
      Gemstone : Outstanding Opal
      Signifies : Virtue and achievements, this stone when worn in a pendant enhances courage and communication.
      Colors : Is available in variable interplay of internal colors ranging from milky white to black, with flashes of yellow, green, red, orange and blue.
      citrine sample
      Month : November
      Gemstone : Charming Citrine
      Signifies : Vitality and health, it is called a merchants stone and is believed when kept in cash cabinets increases money inflow and expands business.
      Colors : Is available in colors ranging pastel yellow to darkish brown orange.
      topaz sample
      Month : December
      Gemstone : Tantalizing Turquoise
      Signifies : Companionship and harmony, this stone is an ideal gift for friends and brings the wearer good fortune.
      Colors : Is available in colors ranging from greenish blue to shades of sky blue.

  • Anniversary Gemstone